top of page

JNV: Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya

In the heartlands of India, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) shines as a guiding light of excellence in education. Nurturing young minds from rural corners, JNVs illuminate the path of progress and unity, as education becomes the mighty catalyst for empowerment and nation-building.

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya on cream background with dark green border and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya logo

Education is the cornerstone of progress and empowerment in any society. It is the key that unlocks the potential of individuals and shapes the destiny of nations. In India, the government has taken significant strides to make quality education accessible to all, and one such laudable initiative is the establishment of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs).

Introduction to Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV):

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) logo
JNV Logo

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, often abbreviated as JNVs, are a network of residential schools run by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Education, Government of India. These schools are specifically designed to provide quality education to rural children, with an emphasis on promoting national integration and fostering talent from all regions of the country.

History and Founding Principles:

JNVs were established in 1986 by the then Prime Minister of India, Shri Rajiv Gandhi, as a part of the National Policy on Education.

Rajiv Gandhi photo
Shri Rajiv Gandhi

The primary objective was to address the educational imbalances between rural and urban areas and ensure that talented students from remote regions get access to quality education, irrespective of their socio-economic backgrounds.

The founding principles of JNVs were rooted in the idea of fostering a strong sense of national integration. To achieve this, JNVs follow the three-language formula. Students are required to learn three languages: the regional language, Hindi, and English. This approach not only preserves and promotes regional languages but also fosters unity among students from diverse linguistic backgrounds.

Unique Features of JNVs:

Rural Upliftment:

JNVs are situated in rural areas, often away from the hustle and bustle of cities. This strategic placement is intended to benefit the rural population and provide equal opportunities for rural children to excel in academics and co-curricular activities.

Residential Model:

One of the distinct characteristics of JNVs is that they follow a fully residential system. Students stay on the campus during the academic year, creating an immersive learning environment that facilitates holistic development.

Merit-Based Admission:

Admission to JNVs is strictly based on merit and is open to all talented students from rural areas. A district-level selection test known as the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test (JNVST) is conducted annually to identify and admit students for classes VI and IX.

Free Education:

Once selected, students receive free education, including textbooks, uniforms, and lodging, with minimal nominal charges for boarding and lodging. This ensures that financial constraints do not hinder a child's pursuit of education.

State-of-the-Art Infrastructure:

JNVs boast well-equipped classrooms, libraries, laboratories, computer facilities, and sports infrastructure, providing students with an enriching learning experience.

Academics and Beyond:

JNVs follow the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) curriculum, which is known for its comprehensive and balanced approach to education. The schools emphasize academic excellence while nurturing creativity, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

Beyond academics, JNVs encourage students to participate in various co-curricular activities such as sports, arts, debates, and cultural events. This helps in the holistic development of the students and instills in them a sense of discipline, teamwork, and leadership.

Empowering the Marginalized:

JNVs have been instrumental in empowering rural communities by providing quality education and transforming the lives of countless children. Many students who have graduated from JNVs have gone on to excel in diverse fields, including medicine, engineering, civil services, arts, and sports, becoming role models for their communities.

Table: Key Aspects of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs)




Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNV)


To provide quality education to rural children, promoting national integration and talent from all regions of India

Establishment Year



Shri Rajiv Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India

Managing Organization

Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (Autonomous, under the Ministry of Education, Government of India)


Rural areas, away from cities

Admission Criteria

Strictly merit-based, open to talented students from rural areas

Selection Test

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test (JNVST)

Residential System

Fully residential, students stay on campus during the academic year


Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)

Medium of Instruction

Regional language, Hindi, and English (three-language formula)

Free Education

Yes, includes textbooks, uniforms, and lodging with nominal charges for boarding and lodging


Well-equipped classrooms, libraries, laboratories, computer facilities, and sports infrastructure


Emphasis on academic excellence, creativity, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills


Encourages participation in sports, arts, debates, and cultural events


Empowering rural communities, transforming lives, producing successful graduates in diverse fields

National Contribution

Fostering national integration, bridging the rural-urban educational divide, contributing to nation-building​

Table: Regions of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) in India


States/Union Territories Covered


Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh


Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab


Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Telangana, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands


Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu


Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand


Bihar, Jharkhand


Maharashtra, Goa


Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Tripura


Odisha, West Bengal, Sikkim


Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Andaman & Nicobar Islands


Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) stand as beacons of hope, illuminating paths to excellence for rural children. They have played a significant role in bridging the educational divide and fostering national integration. The impact of JNVs goes far beyond academics, as they instill values, nurture talent, and create future leaders who will contribute to the progress and development of the nation. As these institutions continue to grow and evolve, they reaffirm the commitment of the nation to provide inclusive and quality education to all, regardless of their background, and pave the way for a brighter and more equitable future for India.

People Also Ask

How many Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) are there in India, and how are they managed?

As of the latest data, there are over 600 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) spread across various states and union territories in India. These schools are managed by the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Education, Government of India.

What makes the curriculum of JNVs unique compared to other schools?

How do JNVs promote national integration among students?

Are the admissions to JNVs restricted to a specific social or economic background?

How have JNVs contributed to the empowerment of rural communities?

Do JNVs focus solely on academics, or do they encourage extracurricular activities as well?

What is the vision behind the strategic location of JNVs in rural areas?

How have JNVs impacted the lives of students who have graduated from these schools?

What support does the government provide to JNVs to maintain their state-of-the-art infrastructure?

How can the success of JNVs be measured in terms of their contribution to nation-building?

1 Comment

Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
No ratings yet

Add a rating
Feb 28
Rated 5 out of 5 stars.

good school

bottom of page